Saturday, July 04, 2009

Revolutionary War Facts

The war that gave the United States of America its independence is alternately known as the "American War for Independence" and the "Revolutionary War." If you're looking for basic Revolutionary War facts, this article should help. Here, we look at the essential facts of America's War for Independence, focusing on those things every person should know about the Revolutionary War.

Where Did The Revolutionary War Take Place?

The American Revolutionary War was, in many respects, a world war. It impacted four continents and touched the lives of millions of people around the globe. Yet most of the fighting, particularly in the early years of the conflict, took place in North America.

What Countries Fought in the Revolutionary War?

The principal players in the American Revolutionary War, of course, were Great Britain and the thirteen colonies who rebelled against King George III and the British Parliament. On July 4, 1776, those thirteen colonies proclaimed themselves the "United States of America."

Other nations drawn into the conflict included France and Spain as well as Canada (though, at the time, Canada was not a country, but was part of the British Empire).

When Did The Revolutionary War Start?

Tensions were mounting between Great Britain and its North American colonies since the French and Indian War. Rioting, street violence, and rural unrest were not uncommon in the 1760s and early 1770s. Shots were fired and blood was spilled in the streets of Boston in 1770. Some therefore maintain the war began with the "Boston Massacre." However, none of these incidents resulted in sustained warfare. Not until April of 1775.

The first shots of the Revolutionary War were fired in Lexington and Concord on April 19, 1775.

**For more on what started the Revolutionary War, read "Causes of the American Revolution."

Major Battles of the Revolutionary War

The Revolutionary War was a long and difficult war, but major battles (similar in scope and scale as what would be seen many years later in the American Civil War) were few. More soldiers died in camp than on the battlefield. Perhaps the most significant battles and campaigns include (but are not limited to):

*The Battle of Bunker Hill (1775)
*The (failed) American invasion of Canada (1775)
*The New York / Long Island Campaign (1776)
*The New Jersey Campaign, including the battles at Trenton and Princeton (1776-77)
*The Battles of Brandywine and Germantown (1777)
*The Battle of Monmouth (1778)
*The Battle of Camden (1780)
*The Battle of King's Mountain (1780)
*The Battle of Cowpens (1781)
*The Battle of Guilford Courthouse (1781)
*The Battle of Yorktown (1781)


When Did The Revolutionary War End?


The last major battle of the Revolutionary War was fought at Yorktown in Virginia in 1781. It ended when a besieged British army, commanded by General Lord Charles Cornwallis surrendered (via proxy) to General George Washington.

The issues of the war, however, were not fully resolved until 1783, when the British granted American independence with the Treaty of Paris.

Who Won The Revolutionary War?

The American colonies achieved their independence with the Treaty of Paris (1783). Thus, it must be said that the Americans won and the British lost. However...

The British Empire, in some respects, emerged stronger from the Revolutionary War. Their most serious international rival, France, was bankrupted by the war, and its government would collapse in turmoil during the French Revolution.

Britain held onto its other global possessions, and its Royal Navy continued to "rule the waves" for many years to come.

What's more, the United States took a few years to get going. Britain was still able to make money off the United States via trade, and (for a time) even played some states off of others. With the U.S. Constitution and the War of 1812, the United States got its bearings and would eventually emerge as a stronger world player. But in the years immediately after the Revolutionary War, the British remained in a formidable position.

***For more on early American history (particularly with respect to its moral, cultural, and religious heritage), check out "Books on Early America" and visit American Creation.

14 comments:

susana said...

Thanks for excellent article ....
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Anonymous said...

this was horrible !!!!

Peace Out said...

yess 90% horrible it didnt give us much imfornation i hav a prject due tommoro so shut ur stuoid mouths and get actual facts!

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BUNNIES!!!!!!!!

Lisa said...

Maybe you shouldn't wait until the day before to start your project, idiot.

Anonymous said...

you guys r not nice

Anonymous said...

ur silly faces

Anonymous said...

these facts suck get real facts for example, the boston massacre led up to the war. it might be the best but its better than what you put. you put basic stuff but what ever ur facts still SUCK!!!!!!!!

Anonymous said...

if you dont have something nice to say dont say it

Anonymous said...

BUt you also have to remember that back in world war 2 hitler did not die and ended up having plastic surgery and become John Rolfe, who would later assassinate george washington and take his name and position and lead the country to found America after time traveling into the past to help issac newton discover electricity, then continuing to time travel to assist the creation berlin wall, which was in reality, a force field in china, and the walls were merely holograms. Hitler/John Rolfe then continued into the past to found America, so he could later wreak havoc in WW2 and attack the economy with his league of Pop-stars such as Miley Cyrus/Hannah Montana/Justin Beiber

BARACK OBAMA said...

I HATE THIS

Anonymous said...

YES!!! This article was to refresh the minds of those who actually payed attention in class and SUMMARIZE the war... Do your own work kids.

Anonymous said...

this stunk monkey butt

Anonymous said...

This is horrible... I want to know the important things that happened

Anonymous said...

You guys really need to stop complaining. The article is fine and it provides basic information that should help any project that's relevant for this subject.